本文给同学们整理汇总一些考研英语中常设计的话题词汇。

环保:environmental protection

      low carbon economy 低碳经济

  UN climate change conference in Copenhagen哥本哈根联合国气候变化会议

  Greenhouse effect温室效应

  Confront the threat of global warming(面临全球变暖的威胁)

  To reduce the petrol engine exhaust emissions 减少(汽车)的尾气排放

  environment- friendly society (生态型社会)

  contaminate the environment 污染环境

  natural resources(自然资源)

  energy conservation and environmental protection (节能环保)

  biological balance (生物学平衡)

  bring about harmony of economic returns and contribution to society and environmental protection (实现经济效益、社会效益和环境效益的统一)

  curb environmental pollution (治理环境污染)

  develop renewable/substitute resources (开发可再生/替代资源)



经济类:economy

      boom 蓬勃发展

  low carbon economy 低碳经济

  economic globalization(经济全球化)

  sustainable development(可持续发展)

  unfair competition(不正当竞争)

  promote sales(促销)

  fake and inferior product(假冒伪劣产品)

  crack down on fake commodities (打假)

  purchasing power(购买力)

  fierce competition(激烈竞争)

  after-sale service (售后服务)

  bread –and – butter issue(生计问题)

  enterprise image(企业形象),brand effect(品牌效应)

  retail industry (零售行业) wholesale industry (批发行业)

  credit crisis(信用危机) credit card (信用卡)

  stabilize the commodity prices(稳定物价)

  service trade(服务行业)

  premature consumption超前消费



立志(成功/成才):succeed, achieve success

      the pursuit of success / achievement / happiness / individual self-realization

  spare no efforts/pains to do (不遗余力去做某事)= make great effort to do sth,

  do with full persistence(坚持不懈地做某事)

  try every means to stay on top (尽一切努力取得成功)

  to realize one’s ambition(抱负) 可以代替“to fulfill one’s dreams”

  cultivate the sense of individual self-realization 培养一种自我实现(成功)的意识

  stand up to/ withstand challenges and difficulties(经得住挑战与困难)



大学生活/教育:Education

      innovative learning(创新学习)

  higher education(高等教育)

  drop-out(辍学)

  fake certificate/diploma(假毕业证/文凭)

  the craze for graduate school(考研热)diploma craze(文凭热)

  poverty-stricken students(贫困学生)

  further one’s study (深造)

  quality education(素质教育)

  teacher-centered,(以教师为中心) student-centered, (以学生为中心)

  foster abilities(培养能力)foster comprehensive abilities( 提高综合能力)

  improve the comprehensive quality(提高综合素质)

  relieve the burden on students(减轻学生负担)

  be occupied with so much schoolwork(忙于功课)

  college, university, students union(学生会)

  extracurricular activity(课外活动)

  practical capability(实际能力)

  educational reform(教学改革)

  academic plagiarism 学术抄袭

  the examination-oriented education(应试教育)

  interdisciplinary talents复合型人才(inter-交融,disciplinary学科的=多学科背景)

  enhance the cultural deposits(提高文化底蕴)

  good scores but low qualities(高分低能)

  teach students according to their aptitude(资质) (因材施教)

  possess political integrity and professional ability(德才兼备)

  be a student of fine qualities and fine scholar(品学兼优)

  improve the health and psychological quality(提高学生身心素质)

  adjust to the social changes quickly(适应社会的改变)

  meet the urgent need of the society(满足社会的急需)

  a more vigorous, colorful and dynamic life(更加有意义和丰富的生活)



就业:Employment

      job market (就业市场) job hunter/seeker(求职者)

  employment pressure(就业压力)

  employer(招聘方)employee(应聘者)applicant(申请人)candidate(人选)

  position available/ vacant position(空缺职位)

  competent(能胜任的), be qualified for(合格的), be appropriate to (适合于)

  college expansion of enrollment(大学扩招)

  contradiction between supply and demand in the job market就业市场供求矛盾)

  not in line with major(与专业不符)

  job arrangement and benefit(工作待遇和福利) promotion(晋升)

gender-biased(性别歧视的) appearance-biased(相貌歧视的)

  money worship(拜金主义)

  develop fully one’s potential and creativity(充分发挥个人的潜力)

  brain drain(人才外流)



文化类:culture

      crash(碰撞)

  charming(极具魅力的)

  splendid(壮丽辉煌的)

      charming(极具魅力的)

  Chinese tradition culture is great and profound (博大精深的)

  The diversity of culture (文化的多样性)

  pluralistic culture (多元文化)

  Culture blending (文化融合)

  integration and interaction(融合交汇)

  English fever(英语热)



流行文化:Pop culture

      surf the Internet(网上冲浪)

  science and technology(科学技术)

  web-addiction(沉迷网络)

  computer crime(电脑犯罪)

  e-commerce(电子商务)

  virtual life (虚拟生活)

  information era(信息时代)

  cyber romance(网恋)



社会现象:social phenomenon

       A thought-provoking phenomenon(令人深思的现象)

  cause alarm and attention(引起了警惕和重视)

  corrupt people’s mind (腐化心灵)

  immoral behaviors(不道德的行为)

  at the cost of (以…为代价)

  set good example for(为…树立榜样)

  take action (采取行动)

  impose punishment on them(施加处罚)

  aggravate the seriousness of…(使之恶化)

  Project Hope 希望工程

  information revolution 信息革命

  jerry-built projects 豆腐渣工程

  population explosion 人口爆炸

  epidemic disease 传染病

  dropout students 失学儿童

  laid-off worker 下岗工人

  reemployment project 再就业工程

  clone technology 克隆技术

  migrate laborer 民工

  crack down on counterfeit goods / fake products 打假

  devalue 贬值

  expand domestic demand 扩大内需

  state-owned enterprise 国有企业

  deflation 通货紧缩

  inflation通货膨胀

  rechargeable card 冲值卡

  Smooth Traffic Project 畅通工程

  anti-fake label 防伪标志

  poverty alleviation 扶贫

  infrastructure construction 基础设施

  vicious circle 恶性循环

  gender discrimination 性别歧视

  psychological quality心理素质

  pattern of consumption 消费结构

  consumers’ association消费者协会

  green food绿色食品

  money worship 拜金主意



人物特征、情感描写:Characteristics

    strong-minded(坚强的)

  industrious(勤奋的)

  harmonious(和谐的)

  cooperative (合作的)

  self-centered(以自我为中心的)

  promising(有前途的)

  dynamic(有生气的)

  responsible(有责任心的)

  influential(有影响力的)

  profound(渊博精深的)

  devoted(忠实的,投入的)

  generous(慷慨的)

  critical(吹毛求疵)

  warm-hearted(热心的)

  hospitality(n. 热情好客)

  enthusiastic(热情的)


科技类technology

  Science and technology(科学技术)

  Web-addiction 沉迷网络

  Computer crime 网络犯罪

  e-commerce 电子商务

  virtual life 虚拟生活

  information era 信息时代

  cyber romace 网恋

  surf the internet 网上冲浪

考研英语:(ID:kyyy888)